Flat footedness
Sports medicine

Flat footedness: learn and disarm

Greetings, my dear readers. I want to tell you about such an inconspicuous, but extremely unpleasant disease – like flat feet. This ailment is very common. And, unfortunately, it is gaining momentum, hitting more and more people. What is this illness, how to determine flat feet at home and what to do with the disease further, we will talk today.


what is flat footedness




Quiet enemy

Until recently, flat feet were treated lightly. People even had an opinion that such a disease is luck. Because they do not take her into the army. And having discovered this sickness in oneself, the overwhelming majority simply hammered into the treatment of this disease.

Perhaps, precisely because of this established error in harmlessness and even, in some ways, the use of flat feet has become very widespread.

The insidiousness of this disease is that for many years it almost does not bring discomfort. And when it manifests itself in all its glory, it is almost impossible to change something.

A serious problem arises before a person – the legs are constantly aching. Mostly at night. Sometimes there are cramps for 2-3 hours. And it is necessary to overstrain the muscles a little during the day, sleepless night to the person is provided.

To reduce pain and cramps, the patient has to regularly massage his feet and warm calf muscles. And the army does not get rid of the disease, but it brings a lot of troubles.

Know the bad in the face

Flat feet – this is the wrong structure of the foot. And this disease can appear at any age. There are two forms: transverse and longitudinal. The transverse flatfoot develops two times more often than the longitudinal one.

With these deformities of the foot, the entire ankle stops performing one of its main functions – cushioning during walking. This affects all the joints of the body, down to the cervical vertebrae. And if in childhood it is almost imperceptible, then in adulthood the symptoms of this illness literally poison life.

In children 5-6 years old, flat feet are the norm. The foot is still forming and acquiring the right shape. But closer to 7 years parents should look at the legs of their child more closely. And watch also for their own.

How to diagnose an abnormal foot structure? For this, it is not necessary to go to a polyclinic and defend long queues for an orthopedic doctor. There are ways to find out without leaving home.


flat footedness


Tricks with paper

One of the most effective methods is the analysis of a footprint on a piece of paper. For this, only three things are needed:

  1. Ruler;
  2. Greasy cream or some coloring matter (watercolor paints, green)
  3. A sheet of paper on which the test subject’s foot will fit.

So, we take a leg (your own or someone else’s) and generously smear the whole foot with a cream or dye. And even better – a cream with dye added to it.

Then put your foot on a sheet of paper. There are several important points here. On the foot it is necessary to become. You can not sit in a chair, put a foot to the paper. So do not put the diagnosis.

The second nuance: you need to stand on both feet at the same time. Even if now you check only one foot. And if with the children this trick can be turned, just by taking their armpits and putting it on top of the sheet, it’s harder for adults to do it. You may have to take two chairs with backs, and leaning on them, put your feet on the floor together. Or use a home bar if there is one.

The last important point – to stand on the sheet you need not for long, just a few seconds. Otherwise, the diagnosis will be incorrect.

Well, of course, you need to check both legs. In turn. Or, if you have an assistant, you can do it at once with two stops.

Look at the picture

Now we remove the paper from the foot and study it carefully. On the sheet should be clearly visible heel, the pincushion of the toes and the narrow outer edge of the foot, connecting them. The inner edge and middle of the foot should not leave a trace on the paper. Because at a healthy leg they are raised above the surface and its (surface) does not touch, and the sheet is not stained.


flat footing


Now you can take the ruler and draw the supposed line of the inner edge of the foot from the edge of the thumb pad to the edge of the heel. And then to estimate the depth of the cavity formed by the unpainted surface. If the cavity is deep – 2/3 or more of the total area of the foot – there is no flat footing. But the wider the outer arch of the foot – the greater the degree of violation.
Believe me, it’s hard to just read it on paper. In practice, everything is simpler and clearer.

Other methods

How else can I diagnose the platypodia myself? There are a number of signs that indicate an anomaly of the development of the foot.

  1. About flat feet will say shoes, worn more on the inside. People with healthy legs shoe on the outer edge of the sole and heel.
  2. Will be visible curvature of the legs as a whole. If the arch of the foot is incorrectly developed, the joints of the knees bend and the legs look like the big letter X. If you look at the ankle joint from behind, on the heels, you can see that it is bent inward.
  3. Since natural shock absorption when walking with flat feet is broken – pain in the legs is inevitable. Like fast fatigue and swelling. As a child, it is almost imperceptible, but in adulthood it spoils life.


See also: How at home to cure a transverse flatfoot?


Disease is under control

I repeat, flat feet can begin at any age. And if you let the disease into its own right, then it will be difficult to fix anything later. Therefore, you need to monitor your legs, because there are simple ways how to determine flat feet at home without visits to the doctor and complex studies. And start to correct the situation.

After the diagnosis is made, you will need to do therapeutic exercises, foot massage, walk barefoot on sand or pebbles every evening. And once every few months again leave your marks on paper to see if the treatment brings the result.

On this I hasten to bow out and thank you for your attention. I suggest subscribing to updates to my blog. If you liked the article – share it with friends in social networks. Until next time.