Hello, my dear readers. In my today’s article, we will try to deal with such a fairly common ailment, as a transverse flatfoot. Home treatment – a myth or reality for a given disease Causes, symptoms, prevention measures – for all these questions, you will find the answers in the article.
What is a flatfoot?
To begin with, we need to figure out what the stop is. The human foot is represented by three main divisions (tarsus, plyus and fingers). Also, the composition of the foot includes a variety of ligaments and muscles that allow the foot to have the necessary strength and elasticity.
In order to avoid maximum load, the foot has several bends, due to which the main load falls on certain parts of the foot. And here we come to the answer to the question: what is a transverse flatfoot?
This is the case when the height of the transverse arch of the foot is reduced, due to which the overall configuration of the entire foot changes and the load distribution is in the wrong proportion.
Causes of transverse flatfoot
If you adhere to the official explanation of the disease, it sounds like this: the main cause is a disruption of the ligament apparatus of the lower limbs. With this disease, the foot expands, due to bone-cartilaginous growth.
This kind of flatfoot, in turn, is divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital is due to various kinds of genetic disorders, and acquired in its bulk is observed in middle-aged people. If you analyze the main causes of the acquired disease, then the most common are:
- Excessive load on the foot with prolonged walking and wearing various kinds of weights
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Chronic diseases of bone tissue (osteoporosis)
- Inflammatory processes in the musculoskeletal system
- Various kinds of foot trauma
- Age-related changes in the musculoskeletal system
- Strokes, paralysis of the lower limbs
And the most important reason, despite the banality, is the incorrectly selected shoes.
In this case, you need to focus your attention on two things: a high heel changes the angle of pressure on the foot sections as a result of which they diverge to the side.
The second point is a flat sole. Here there is a divergence of the foot bones to the sides, as a result of which the height of the arches of the foot decreases.
So, we came to the first conclusion – the right choice of shoes is the key to fighting flatfoot.
At the initial stage of development, the transverse flatfoot is difficult to diagnose. But there are certain points that you should pay attention to as signs of a beginning illness:
- Painful sensations in the legs and feet. At the initial stage appear at the end of the working day, with a progressive disease, these symptoms are observed throughout the day.
- The symptomatology described in the first paragraph leads to a general fatigue of the patient.
- Different degrees of edema of the feet.
- At the base of the fingers appear burrs and fraying.
- There are certain inconveniences associated with the operation of the musculoskeletal system.
All these moments adversely affect the resulting load of the musculoskeletal system. The load significantly increases, which leads to the development of osteochondrosis and articular arthrosis.
In modern medicine, transverse flatfoot has three degrees of gradation, increasing. And if the first two degrees are subject to conservative treatment, then at the third degree will have to resort to surgical intervention. If you are interested in flat feet, then read about knee injuries and how to avoid them.
The correct diagnosis of this disease should be put by an orthopedic doctor. In addition to visual inspection, there are several ways to diagnose flatfoot:
- Plantography, diagnosis by examining a footprint on a piece of paper
- X-ray – a picture that allows you to fully appreciate the nature of changes occurring in the foot
- Electromyography – analyzes the condition of the muscles of the feet and lower legs
- Computer-hardware complex, with the help of a special program that gives out all the necessary information about the condition of the foot
Treatment of flat feet
As it was written above, at the first and second degree of the disease, conservative treatment is quite enough. The main stages of such treatment include the following:
- Lowering the load on the foot
- Orthopedic shoes. Here you need to consider the individual characteristics of the course of the disease, with the appropriate selection of necessary footwear
- In the event that one of the causes of the disease is the excess weight of the patient, then various procedures should be carried out to reduce it
- Individually prescribed course of exercise therapy
- Various kinds of analgesics, are prescribed to relieve pain
If the disease has passed to the third degree, the methods of conservative treatment are no longer suitable. Surgical intervention is necessary, in which the correction of the arch of the foot takes place.
Folk ways of treating this disease at home are ineffective and basically stop pain, not solving the problem radically. These methods include various kinds of compresses, foot baths based on various types of medicinal herbs.
The main conclusion that can be drawn from all of the above information, the health of your feet largely depends on yourself. Properly selected shoes, the lack of excess weight, motor activity – will significantly reduce the risk of the disease. The transverse platypodia, treatment at home is quite real and entirely depends on you.
On this I say goodbye to you, subscribe to updates, share links with your friends. I await your comments. Until next time!